Comparing efficiencies of polypropylene treatment by atmospheric pressure plasma jets

Plasma treatment of polypropylene (PP) is a well-established method of improving its surface properties. However, the efficiencies of different plasma discharges are seldom compared. Herein, we discuss the differences in PP treated by three arc-based commercial plasma jets working in dry air, Plasmatreat rotating plasma jet (PT-RPJ), AFS PlasmaJet & REG; (AFS-PJ), and SurfaceTreat gliding arc jet (ST-GA), and by the low-temperature RF plasma slit jet (RF-PSJ) working in argon. The AFS-PJ has a significantly different reactive species composition dominated by nitrogen oxides. It induced higher thermal loads leading to surface damage. The other arc-based jets (PT-RPJ and ST-GA) created the PP surface with higher oxygen and nitrogen concentration than the low-temperature RF-PSJ. It induced a higher adhesion strength measured on PP-aluminum joints.
Plasma Processes and Polymers. 2023, vol. 20, issue 11, p. 1-18.
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