Ústav mikroelektroniky


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Now showing 1 - 5 of 199
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    ChemFET gas nanosensor arrays with alignment windows for assembly of single nanowires
    (Springer, 2023-04-13) Chmela, Ondřej; Gablech, Imrich; Sadílek, Jakub; Brodský, Jan; Vallejos Vargas, Stella
    This work focuses on the fabrication and characterization of ChemFET (Chemical Field-Effect Transistor) gas nanosensor arrays based on single nanowire (SNW). The fabrication processes include micro and nanofabrication techniques enabled by a combination of ultraviolet (UV) and e-beam lithography to build the ChemFET structure. Results show the integration and connection of SNWs across the multiple pairs of nanoelectrodes in the ChemFET by dielectrophoresis process (DEP) thanks to the incorporation of alignment windows (200-300 nm) adapted to the diameter of the NWs. Measurements of the SNW ChemFET array's output and transfer characteristics prove the influence of gate bias on the drain current regulation. Tests upon hydrogen (H-2) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) as analyte models of reducing and oxidizing gases show the ChemFET sensing functionality. Moreover, results demonstrate better response characteristics to H-2 when the ChemFET operates in the subthreshold regime. The design concepts and methods proposed for fabricating the SNW-based ChemFET arrays are versatile, reproducible, and most likely adaptable to other systems where SNW arrays are required.
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    Bilinear Double-Order Filter Designs and Application Examples
    (IEEE, 2024-01-22) Nako, Julia; Psychalinos, Costas; Khateb, Fabian; Elwakil, Ahmed
    A novel kind of non-integer order bilinear filters, named double-order bilinear filters, is introduced in this work. They are based on the employment of two non-integer orders, offering the maximum design flexibility in comparison with their fractional-order and power-law counterparts. An attractive offered benefit is that this is achieved without increasing the circuit complexity, since the proposed structure is capable of realizing all non-integer kinds of filters. Two design examples are provided, where it is shown that lead/lag compensators utilized in control applications and low/high shelving filters employed in acoustic applications are actually bilinear filters with suitably selected pole/zero frequencies. Simulation and experimental results, using the OrCAD PSpice simulator and a Field Programmable Analog Array device, respectively, support the findings of this work.
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    Smart bactericide based on reduced graphene oxide decorated with copper and zinc nanoparticles
    (Springer Nature, 2023-10-24) Bytešníková, Zuzana; Pečenka, Jakub; Tekielska, Dorota; Pekárková, Jana; Ridošková, Andrea; Bezdička, Petr; Kiss, Tomáš; Eichmeier, Aleš; Adam, Vojtěch; Lukas, Richtera
    Graphene oxide (GO) synthesised by modified Tour's method was decorated with copper and zinc nanoparticles (NPs) and simultaneously reduced by sodium borohydride to obtain a nanocomposite of reduced GO with copper and zinc NPs (rGO-Cu-Zn). The nanocomposite rGO-Cu-Zn was characterised by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The rGO-Cu-Zn was tested against Xanthomonas euvesicatoria (X. euvesicatoria), which attacks tomatoes and causes bacterial spots (BSs), and compared with the commercial product Champion 50 WG. Total bacterial growth inhibition was observed for the 1% rGO-Cu-Zn, whereas Champion 50 WG at the same concentration inhibited but did not eradicate all the bacterial colonies. To evaluate the negative effect of the rGO-Cu-Zn on the molecular level, the expression of the genes associated with the action of abiotic and biotic stress factors was analysed. Gene expression in the plants treated with 10% rGO-Cu-Zn did not exhibit a noticeable increase.
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    Extended Higher-Order Elements with Frequency-Doubled Parameters: The Hysteresis Loops Are Always of Type II
    (MDPI, 2023-08-15) Biolek, Zdeněk; Biolek, Dalibor; Biolková, Viera; Kolka, Zdeněk
    Current MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical Systems) can be modeled by state-dependent elements that exhibit hysteretic behavior. Examples include capacitors and inductors whose capacitances and inductances are dependent on the instantaneous state of the electromechanical system, resistors whose resistances exhibit temperature changes when the elements are actually heated, etc. Regardless of the physical background, such hysteresis manifestations can be studied uniformly in the broader framework of generic and extended higher-order elements, in which a classification of hysteretic loops into types I and II is established. The loop type is an important dynamical parameter of an element, having the potential to indicate, for example, its (in)volatility. Thus far, there is no reliable criterion to determine the type of steady loop from the defining relations of an element. This work reports on one special class of extended elements that produces type II loops under all circumstances. The paper presents hitherto unpublished connections between the frequency-doubling parameters of an element and the type of its hysteresis loop. The new findings are expressed by several theorems that allow the type of hysteresis to be inferred from the frequency behavior of the element parameter or state, and vice versa. These procedures are demonstrated with examples and verified by computer simulations.
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    A synergistic effect of fibrous carboxymethyl cellulose with equine collagen improved the hemostatic properties of freeze-dried wound dressings
    (Springer Nature, 2023-08-23) Sedlář, Marian; Verčimáková, Katarína; Fohlerová, Zdenka; Izsák, Dávid; Chalupová, Marta; Suchý, Pavel; Dohnalová, Marcela; Sopuch, Tomáš; Vojtová, Lucy
    Bleeding is one of the most commonly occurring injuries; it can be painful and even life-threatening condition. The hemostats are substances that promote blood clotting and fasten hemostasis. In this paper, we evaluated the hemostatic effect of freeze-dried wound dressings based on equine collagen, porcine collagen, fibrous carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) and their mixtures. The wound dressings were investigated for their morphological structure, chemical structure, absorption properties, in vitro hemostasis, cytotoxicity assay and lastly, for in vivo hemostasis. We have found out that adding fibrous CMC into collagen-based hemostatic wound dressings creates a strong synergistic effect, which significantly improves absorption capacity by almost doubling it, as well as supports clotting time. Based on the in vivo studies on partial nephrectomy in rats, the time needed for achieving hemostasis was significantly lower due to the synergy of collagen and CMC. Our materials were compared to the commonly used hemostatic sealing patch on the market (Tachosil) during the in vivo testing, and sample of a mixture of equine collagen and CMC showed better hemostatic efficacy.