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Now showing 1 - 5 of 83
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    Surface Structuring of the CP Titanium by Ultrafast Laser Pulses
    (MDPI, 2024-04-09) Ronoh, Kipkurui; Novotný, Jan; Mrňa, Libor; Knápek, Alexandr; Sobola, Dinara
    Surface structuring by ultrafast lasers is a promising technique to modify surface-related properties of materials to tailor them for specific applications. In the present study, we experimentally investigated the laser structuring of commercially pure titanium (CP Ti) using ultrafast pulses to understand the role of the laser input parameters on the development of surface morphology, optical properties, surface chemistry, and wettability behaviour. The processed surfaces were characterized by a scanning electron microscope, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), Raman microscope, optical microscope, and sessile drop method. Laser-induced periodic surface structures decorated with nanodroplets were noted to be formed on the surface of the laser-structured CP Ti. The surface roughness measurements showed that the laser-structured surfaces had nanoscale roughness values. The EDX and the Raman analyses show that laser-structured surfaces of CP Ti have a thin oxide film. Different colours on different surfaces processed by different laser parameters were observed. The wettability assessment shows that CP Ti can transition from hydrophilic-hydrophobic and vice versa depending on the environmental conditions. This study shows that laser structuring can be utilized to modify CP Ti surfaces to obtain desirable surface properties that can find potential applications in different fields.
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    Electrical properties of epoxy/graphite flakes microcomposite at the percolation threshold concentration
    (IOP Publishing Ltd, 2024-04-17) Alsoud, Ammar Awadallah Ahmad; Daradkeh, Samer; Shaheen, Adel A; Al-Hroub, Qasim Amjad; Knápek, Alexandr; Mousa, Marwan; Sobola, Dinara
    The electrical properties and activation energy of epoxy/graphite flakes (GFs) micro-composite with different content of GFs (0.0625-1 wt%) were studied for electrical properties using Novocontrol Alpha Analyser (10-2 Hz-107 Hz). GFs sizes ranged from (100 nm to 10 mu m). The analysis was performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), visible spectrum reflectance spectra (VIS) spectra, and Fourier Transform Infrared spectra (FTIR) spectroscopy. Increasing GFs content caused multiple changes in electrical characteristics. At 0.0625 wt%, all electrical properties noticeably increased. But at 0.125 to 0.25 wt%, immobilized nanolayers were formed leading to decreased permittivity, dielectric loss (tan(delta)), quality factor (Q-factor), capacitance, conductivity, and figure of merit (F-factor). At 0.25 wt%, the epoxy microcomposite had lower permittivity, tan(delta), conductivity, and capacitance compared with unfilled epoxy. With 0.5 wt% of GFs, signified the percolation threshold, initiating a rise in permittivity, conductivity, capacitance, and tan(delta), accompanied by the closer proximity of grain boundaries, facilitating the formation of conductive channels. At a concentration of 1 wt% of GFs, the establishment of continuous interfacial conductive pathways resulted in a remarkable augmentation of all dielectric properties. The Cole-Cole analysis has been employed to investigate variations in epoxy/GFs microcomposites based on concentration levels.
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    Cleaning of tungsten tips for subsequent use as cold field emitters or STM probes
    (FEI STU, 2024-01-31) Košelová, Zuzana; Horáková, Lenka; Burda, Daniel; Allaham, Mohammad Mahmoud; Knápek, Alexandr; Fohlerová, Zdenka
    This study investigates the crucial process of cleaning cold field emission electron emitters and scanning tunnel microscopy (STM) probes, particularly focusing on tungsten tips. The cleanliness of these tips is essential for maintaining optimal cathode properties, preventing impurities that can significantly affect the emission process. Various cleaning methods, including macroetching, ammonia cleaning, and hydrofluoric acid (HF) cleaning were explored and compared by scanning electron microscopy. The macroetching method, involving a mixture of hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, and hydrogen fluoride, proved to be too reactive, causing significant material removal and altering the tip's structure. Ammonia cleaning did not significantly improve or harm the samples. However, oxide islands appeared in some areas, suggesting the potential formation of ammonium tungsten oxide. HF cleaning, specifically at 20% and 50% concentrations, demonstrated effectiveness in removing tungsten oxides without damaging the tip. Pre-cleaning with water and ethanol proved beneficial for subsequent HF refinement. Results suggest that HF is the most suitable method for oxide removal but a rinse with water is essential for removing residual sodium hydroxide. To maintain optimal properties, it is crucial to apply a less reactive layer quickly or transfer the tips to a water/ethanol bath to prevent oxidation.
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    Energy gap measurements based on enhanced absorption coefficient calculation from transmittance and reflectance raw data
    (Elsevier, 2024-01-18) Allaham, Mohammad Mahmoud; Dallaev, Rashid; Burda, Daniel; Sobola, Dinara; Nebojsa, Alois; Knápek, Alexandr; Mousa, Marwan; Kolařík, Vladimír
    The absorption coefficient plays an important role in studying and characterizing semiconducting materials. It is an important parameter to study the mechanism of photons absorption within the structure of the studied material. Thus, it helps to study the several types of charge carrier transport along with the energy band structure and its defects. In literature, a formula was reported to precisely calculate the absorption coefficient from raw data of transmittance and reflectance of electromagnetic radiation. However, the reported formula has several issues limiting its validity in the literature. In this paper, we provide a more mathematically accurate form of this equation to precisely obtain the absorption coefficient from the raw data, by considering the total internal reflection at the different interfaces. Moreover, the equation is tested by simulated data and is applied to study the optical characteristics of a single-component epoxy resin from its transmittance and reflectance raw data.
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    Modeling of Magnetic Films: A Scientific Perspective
    (MDPI, 2024-03-21) Misiurev, Denis; Holcman, Vladimír
    Magnetic thin-film modeling stands as a dynamic nexus of scientific inquiry and technological advancement, poised at the vanguard of materials science exploration. Leveraging a diverse suite of computational methodologies, including Monte Carlo simulations and molecular dynamics, researchers meticulously dissect the intricate interplay governing magnetism and thin-film growth across heterogeneous substrates. Recent strides, notably in multiscale modeling and machine learning paradigms, have engendered a paradigm shift in predictive capabilities, facilitating a nuanced understanding of thin-film dynamics spanning disparate spatiotemporal regimes. This interdisciplinary synergy, complemented by avantgarde experimental modalities such as in situ microscopy, promises a tapestry of transformative advancements in magnetic materials with far-reaching implications across multifaceted domains including magnetic data storage, spintronics, and magnetic sensing technologies. The confluence of computational modeling and experimental validation heralds a new era of scientific rigor, affording unparalleled insights into the real-time dynamics of magnetic films and bolstering the fidelity of predictive models. As researchers chart an ambitiously uncharted trajectory, the burgeoning realm of magnetic thin-film modeling burgeons with promise, poised to unlock novel paradigms in materials science and engineering. Through this intricate nexus of theoretical elucidation and empirical validation, magnetic thin-film modeling heralds a future replete with innovation, catalyzing a renaissance in technological possibilities across diverse industrial landscapes.