Electrical properties of epoxy/graphite flakes microcomposite at the percolation threshold concentration

The electrical properties and activation energy of epoxy/graphite flakes (GFs) micro-composite with different content of GFs (0.0625-1 wt%) were studied for electrical properties using Novocontrol Alpha Analyser (10-2 Hz-107 Hz). GFs sizes ranged from (100 nm to 10 mu m). The analysis was performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), visible spectrum reflectance spectra (VIS) spectra, and Fourier Transform Infrared spectra (FTIR) spectroscopy. Increasing GFs content caused multiple changes in electrical characteristics. At 0.0625 wt%, all electrical properties noticeably increased. But at 0.125 to 0.25 wt%, immobilized nanolayers were formed leading to decreased permittivity, dielectric loss (tan(delta)), quality factor (Q-factor), capacitance, conductivity, and figure of merit (F-factor). At 0.25 wt%, the epoxy microcomposite had lower permittivity, tan(delta), conductivity, and capacitance compared with unfilled epoxy. With 0.5 wt% of GFs, signified the percolation threshold, initiating a rise in permittivity, conductivity, capacitance, and tan(delta), accompanied by the closer proximity of grain boundaries, facilitating the formation of conductive channels. At a concentration of 1 wt% of GFs, the establishment of continuous interfacial conductive pathways resulted in a remarkable augmentation of all dielectric properties. The Cole-Cole analysis has been employed to investigate variations in epoxy/GFs microcomposites based on concentration levels.
PHYSICA SCRIPTA. 2024, vol. 99, issue 5, p. 1-15.
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