Ústav automobilního a dopravního inženýrství


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 66
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    Experimental Investigation of Microcontroller-Based Acoustic Temperature Transducer Systems
    (MDPI, 2023-01-12) Al-Rawashdeh, Ayman Y.; Younes, Tariq M.; Dalabeeh, Ali; Al_Issa, Huthaifa; Qawaqzeh, Mohamed; Miroshnyk, Oleksandr; Kondratiev, Andrii; Kučera, Pavel; Píštěk, Václav; Stepenko, Serhii
    Temperature transducers are commonly used to monitor process parameters that are controlled by various types of industrial controllers. The purpose of this study is to design and model a simple microcontroller-based acoustic temperature transducer based on the variations of resonance conditions in a cylindrical resonance tube. The transducer’s operation is based on the generation of an acoustic standing wave in the free resonance mode of generation within a cylindrical resonance tube which is converted into a train of pulses using Schmitt trigger circuit. The frequency of the generated standing wave (i.e., the train of pulses) is measured by the Arduino Uno microcontroller, where a digital pin is used to acquire pulses that are counted using a build-in software function in an Arduino IDE environment. Experimental results are performed for three sizes of diameters to investigate the effect of the diameter of resonance tube on the obtained results. The maximum nonlinearity error according to Full-Scale Deflection (FSD) is about 2.3 percent, and the relative error of the transducer is evaluated using experimental findings and the regression model. The circuit simplicity and design of the suggested transducer, as well as the linearity of its measurements, are notable.
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    Methodological Approach in the Simulation of the Robustness Boundaries of Tribosystems under the Conditions of Boundary Lubrication
    (MDPI, 2023-01-04) Al-Quraan, Tareq M. A.; Alfaqs, Fadi; Alrefo, Ibrahim F. S.; Vojtov, Viktor; Voitov, Anton; Kravtsov, Andrey; Miroshnyk, Oleksandr; Kondratiev, Andrii; Kučera, Pavel; Píštěk, Václav
    In the presented work, a methodical approach was developed for determining rational operation modes of tribosystems, taking into account their design. This approach makes it possible in the designing stage, according to the predicted operating modes, to calculate the limits and margins of stable work in operation. The definition of the robustness of the tribosystem and the criteria for assessing the robustness are formulated based on the theory of stability of technical systems. It is shown that such a methodical approach allows for determining the modes of the rational operation of the designed structures without damaging the friction surfaces. Experimental studies have proven that not all designs of tribosystems lose stability due to the appearance of friction surface burrs. There are designs where the loss of stability occurs upon the appearance of accelerated wear. The developed criteria take into account two options for the loss of stability. An experimental verification of the modes of loss of stability of tribosystems was performed by the appearance of a burr or the beginning of accelerated wear with the calculated values of the robustness criteria. The obtained results allow us to conclude that the modeling error is within 8.3–18.7%, which is a satisfactory result in the study of friction and wear processes. Robustness criteria is based on the coefficient of friction RRf and wear rate RRI, and must be used when designing new constructions of tribosystems. Theoretical calculations of such criteria and the dependence of their change on changing the predicted operating modes will allow for justifying rational operating modes within their stability.
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    Ensuring Reliable and Safe Operation of Trunk Diesel Engines of Marine Transport Vessels
    (MDPI, 2022-09-26) Sagin, Sergii; Madey, Volodymyr; Sagin, Arsenii; Stoliaryk, Tymur; Fomin, Oleksij; Kučera, Pavel
    In this study, a method for ensuring reliable and safe operation of marine trunk diesel engines is considered. The research was carried out on 5L23/30 MAN-B&W diesel engines of a Bulk Carrier class vessel. The objective of the study was to determine the effect of the structural characteristics of the oil layer (wetting angle and thickness) on the operational parameters of a marine diesel engine (compression pressure, concentration of nitrogen oxides in exhaust gases and temperature of exhaust gases after the cylinder) and performance characteristics of the oil (base number, wear and contaminant elements). It has been established that an increase in the degree of the contact angles of wetting and in the thickness of the oil layer improves the heat and power and environmental performance of a diesel engine. At the same time, the decrease in compression pressure in the cylinder slows down, the temperature of gases after the cylinder decreases, and the emission of nitrogen oxides with exhaust gases decreases. Also, it was found that wear of diesel parts and oil oxidation are reduced. The study confirms the possibility of improving the reliable and safe operation of trunk-type diesel engines of maritime vessels by effective control of variables relating to the characteristics of engine oil.
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    The Study of Manufacturing Thermal Insulation Materials Based on Inorganic Polymers under Microwave Exposure
    (MDPI, 2022-08-05) Rymar, Tatyana; Tatarchenko, Halyna; Fomin, Oleksij; Píštěk, Václav; Kučera, Pavel; Beran, Martin; Burlutskyy, Oleksij
    The work is devoted to the creation of an energy-saving microwave technology of composite materials for thermal insulation based on an inorganic polymer—liquid glass—and the establishment of the formation patterns of their structure and properties, depending on the parameters of microwave radiation. Due to volumetric heating and the mechanism of "non-thermal" action of microwave radiation on processed objects, the duration of their heating is significantly reduced, and the performance properties of products are improved due to the modification of the structure of the liquid glass matrix under the influence of its irradiation with this type of energy. In the course of the research, the relationship between the processing conditions and the obtained properties of heat-insulating materials was established. The prospects of using the microwave electromagnetic field in the production of new building materials, expanding their range, and improving quality and competitiveness are shown, which is a priority for the modernization and innovative development of the construction industry.
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    Requirements for Hybrid Technology Enabling the Production of High-Precision Thin-Wall Castings
    (MDPI, 2022-05-26) Krutiš, Vladimír; Novosad, Pavel; Záděra, Antonín; Kaňa, Václav
    Prototypes and small series production of metal thin-walled components is a field for the use of a number of additive technologies. This method has certain limits related to the size and price of the parts, productivity, or the type of requested material. On the other hand, conventional production methods encounter the limits of shape, which are currently associated with the implementation of optimization methods such as topological optimization or generative design. An effective solution is employing hybrid technology, which combines the advantages of 3D model printing and conventional casting production methods. This paper describes the design of aluminum casting using topological optimization and technological co-design for the purpose of switching to new manufacturing technology. It characterizes the requirements of hybrid technology for the material and properties of the model in relation to the production operations of the investment casting technology. Optical roughness measurement compares the surface quality in a standard wax model and a model obtained by additive manufacturing (AM) of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) using the binder jetting method. The surface quality results of the 3D printed model evaluated by measuring the surface roughness are lower than for the standard wax model; however, they still meet the requirements of prototype production technology. The measurements proved that the PMMA model has half the thermal expansion in the measured interval compared to the wax model, which was confirmed by minimal shape deviations in the dimensional analysis.