Now showing 1 - 5 of 13
- ItemGenetic Homogenization of Composite Materials(Společnost pro radioelektronické inženýrství, 2009-04) Jilkova, Jana; Raida, Zbynek; Tobola, PavelThe paper is focused on numerical studies of electromagnetic properties of composite materials used for the construction of small airplanes. Discussions concentrate on the genetic homogenization of composite layers and composite layers with a slot. The homogenization is aimed to reduce CPU-time demands of EMC computational models of electrically large airplanes. First, a methodology of creating a 3-dimensional numerical model of a composite material in CST Microwave Studio is proposed focusing on a sufficient accuracy of the model. Second, a proper implementation of a genetic optimization in Matlab is discussed. Third, an association of the optimization script and a simplified 2-dimensional model of the homogeneous equivalent model in Comsol Multiphysics is proposed considering EMC issues. Results of computations are experimentally verified.
- ItemModeling of Atmospheric Turbulence Effect on Terrestrial FSO Link(Společnost pro radioelektronické inženýrství, 2009-04) Prokes, AlesAtmospheric turbulence results in many effects causing fluctuation in the received optical power. Terrestrial laser beam communication is affected above all by scintillations. The paper deals with modeling the influence of scintillation on link performance, using the modified Rytov theory. The probability of correct signal detection in direct detection system in dependence on many parameters such as link distance, power link margin, refractive-index structure parameter, etc. is discussed and different approaches to the evaluation of scintillation effect are compared. The simulations are performed for a horizontal-path propagation of the Gaussian-beam wave.
- ItemAn Interference Cancellation Scheme for TFI-OFDM in Time-Variant Large Delay Spread Channel(Společnost pro radioelektronické inženýrství, 2009-04) Ida, Yuta; Ahn, Chang-Jun; Kamio, Takeshi; Fujisaka, Hisato; Haeiwa, KazuhisaIn the mobile radio environment, signals are usually impaired by fading and multipath delay phenomenon. In such channels, severe fading of the signal amplitude and inter-symbol-interference (ISI) due to the frequency selectivity of the channel cause an unacceptable degradation of error performance. Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is an efficient scheme to mitigate the effect of multipath channel. Since it eliminates ISI by inserting guard interval (GI) longer than the delay spread of the channel. In general, the GI is usually designed to be longer than the delay spread of the channel, and is decided after channel measurements in the desired implementation scenario. However, the maximum delay spread is longer than GI, the system performance is significantly degraded. The conventional time-frequency interferometry (TFI) for OFDM does not consider timevariant channel with large delay spread. In this paper, we focus on the large delay spread channel and propose the ISI and inter-carrier-interference (ICI) compensation method for TFI-OFDM.
- ItemAn Empirical Ultra Wideband Channel Model for Indoor Laboratory Environments(Společnost pro radioelektronické inženýrství, 2009-04) Noori, Narges; Karimzadeh-Baee, Roghieh; Abolghasemi, AliChannel measurement and modeling is an important issue when designing ultra wideband (UWB) communication systems. In this paper, the results of some UWB time-domain propagation measurements performed in modern laboratory (Lab) environments are presented. The Labs are equipped with many electronic and measurement devices which make them different from other indoor locations like office and residential environments. The measurements have been performed for both line of sight (LOS) and non-LOS (NLOS) scenarios. The measurement results are used to investigate large-scale channel characteristics and temporal dispersion parameters. The clustering Saleh- Valenzuela (S-V) channel impulse response (CIR) parameters are investigated based on the measurement data. The small-scale amplitude fading statistics are also studied in the environment. Then, an empirical model is presented for UWB signal transmission in the Lab environment based on the obtained results.
- ItemA Novel Frequency Synchronization Algorithm and its Cramer Rao Bound in Practical UWB Environment for MB-OFDM Systems(Společnost pro radioelektronické inženýrství, 2009-04) Sen, Debarati; Dasgupta, Rahul; Chakrabarti, Saswat; Kumar, R. V. RajaThis paper presents an efficient time-domain coarse frequency offset (FO) synchronizer (TCFS) for multi-band orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (MB-OFDM) systems effective for practical ultra-wideband (UWB) environment. The proposed algorithm derives its estimates based on phase differences in the received subcarrier signals of several successive OFDM symbols in the preamble. We consider different carrier FOs and different channel responses in different bands to keep the analysis and simulation compatible for practical multiband UWB scenario. Performance of the algorithm is studied by means of bit error rate (BER) analysis of MBOFDM system. We derive the Cramer Rao lower bound (CRLB) of the estimation error variance and compare it with the simulated error variance both in additive white Gaussian noise and UWB channel model (CM) environments, CM1-CM4. Both analysis and simulation show that TCFS can estimate coarse carrier FO more efficiently in UWB fading channels for MB-OFDM applications compared to the other reported results in literature. Also, computational complexity of the proposed algorithm is analyzed for its usability evaluation.