Sdílená laboratoř RP1


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Now showing 1 - 5 of 63
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    Energy gap measurements based on enhanced absorption coefficient calculation from transmittance and reflectance raw data
    (Elsevier, 2024-01-18) Allaham, Mohammad Mahmoud; Dallaev, Rashid; Burda, Daniel; Sobola, Dinara; Nebojsa, Alois; Knápek, Alexandr; Mousa, Marwan; Kolařík, Vladimír
    The absorption coefficient plays an important role in studying and characterizing semiconducting materials. It is an important parameter to study the mechanism of photons absorption within the structure of the studied material. Thus, it helps to study the several types of charge carrier transport along with the energy band structure and its defects. In literature, a formula was reported to precisely calculate the absorption coefficient from raw data of transmittance and reflectance of electromagnetic radiation. However, the reported formula has several issues limiting its validity in the literature. In this paper, we provide a more mathematically accurate form of this equation to precisely obtain the absorption coefficient from the raw data, by considering the total internal reflection at the different interfaces. Moreover, the equation is tested by simulated data and is applied to study the optical characteristics of a single-component epoxy resin from its transmittance and reflectance raw data.
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    Near-field digital holography: a tool for plasmon phase imaging
    (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2018-12-07) Dvořák, Petr; Kvapil, Michal; Bouchal, Petr; Édes, Zoltán; Šamořil, Tomáš; Hrtoň, Martin; Ligmajer, Filip; Křápek, Vlastimil; Šikola, Tomáš
    The knowledge of the phase distribution of near electromagnetic field has become very important for many applications. However, its experimental observation is still technologically very demanding task. In this work, we propose a novel method for the measurement of the phase distribution of near electric field based on the principles of phase-shifting digital holography. In contrast with previous methods the holographic interference occurs already in the near field and the phase distribution can be determined purely from the scanning near-field optical microscopy measurements without need of additional far-field interferometric methods. This opens a way towards onchip phase imaging. We demonstrate the capabilities of the proposed method by reconstruction of the phase difference between interfering surface plasmon waves and by imaging the phase of single surface plasmon wave. We also demonstrate a selectivity of the method towards individual components of the field.
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    Synthesis Dynamics of Graphite Oxide
    (Elsevier, 2018-05-10) Bannov, Alexander G.; Manakhov, Anton; Shibaev, Alexander A.; Ukhina, A.V.; Polčák, Josef; Maksimovskii, E. A.
    Graphite oxide synthesis dynamics were investigated using a sampling technique. The synthesis of graphite oxide was carried out by a modified Hummers’ method. Small samples of the solid phase (30–50 mg) were collected from the reaction mixture and analyzed by thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, energy dissipative X-ray spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The strongest oxidation was detected 10 min after the start of the synthesis, i.e., after the addition of KMnO4, when the formation of the graphite oxide phase with intercalated guest molecules begins. The intercalation of graphite started after 30 min of synthesis when the temperature was increased to 35°C. The addition of ice into the reaction mixture leads to the increase in the COOH group concentration, whereas the concentration of C=O groups slightly changes, and the concentration of the C–O and C=O groups remains almost constant. It was found that the degree of oxidation of graphite oxide exhibited complex change, and H2O2 plays a significant role not only in the removal of impurities but also in the increase in the GO oxidation degree that is reflected by a higher concentration of oxygen-containing functional groups. Differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis data confirmed that the additions of ice and H2O2 induce the stronger formation of surface functional groups instead of intercalated guest species.
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    Pyrolysis of Colombian spent coffee grounds (SCGs), characterization of bio-oil, and study of its antioxidant properties
    (TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2023-12-14) Malagón-Romero, Dionisio; Torres-Velasquez, Andres C.; Tinoco Navarro, Lizeth Katherine; Arrubla-Velez, Juan P.
    Coffee is the second most consumed beverage in the world. Spent coffee grounds (SCGs) are promising raw material for pyrolysis. The Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose model (KAS) and Ozawa-Flynn Wall (OFW), determined the pyrolysis activation energy to be 142.40 and 66.08 kJ/mol, respectively. The pyrolysis products were bio-oil with a 22.5% yield and a calorific power of 28.91 MJ/kg. The bio-oil composition was 50.86% fatty acids, 31.65% linear hydrocarbons, and 11.31% aromatics, as determined by GC-MS. The total phenolic content (TPC) was 362 & PLUSMN; 44 mg GA g(-1), with DPPH activity of 24.8 & PLUSMN; 2% inhibition and antioxidant activity of 108.5 & PLUSMN; 13.6 mg L-1 of Trolox equivalents. The results showed that bio-oil could be used as a biofuel and a source of chemical compounds.
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    Spectroscopic methods in the analysis of wear particles
    (SPRINGER INT PUBL AG, 2023-12-01) Švábenská, Eva; Roupcová, Pavla; Schneeweiss, Oldřich
    Detailed characteristics wear particles formed in various brake pads were done. Our study was focused on identification structure and chemical composition of powder particles released by brake abrasion. The experimental studies were carried out using Mossbauer spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and magnetic measurements. Structure and chemical composition of the original brake pads and disc samples were compared with the results obtained for wear particles. The chemical and phase composition of wear particles is in large part similar to composition of the original brake pads. Wear particles contained mainly various types of iron oxides, iron and iron carbon metallic particles. The part of the wear particles showed paramagnetic behaviour at room temperature. The sample with fully paramagnetic wear particles behaviour was subjected low temperature Mossbauer and magnetic measurements. The results indicate transition interval corresponding to magnetically ordered states-ferro/antiferromagnetic.