Surface Structuring of the CP Titanium by Ultrafast Laser Pulses

Surface structuring by ultrafast lasers is a promising technique to modify surface-related properties of materials to tailor them for specific applications. In the present study, we experimentally investigated the laser structuring of commercially pure titanium (CP Ti) using ultrafast pulses to understand the role of the laser input parameters on the development of surface morphology, optical properties, surface chemistry, and wettability behaviour. The processed surfaces were characterized by a scanning electron microscope, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), Raman microscope, optical microscope, and sessile drop method. Laser-induced periodic surface structures decorated with nanodroplets were noted to be formed on the surface of the laser-structured CP Ti. The surface roughness measurements showed that the laser-structured surfaces had nanoscale roughness values. The EDX and the Raman analyses show that laser-structured surfaces of CP Ti have a thin oxide film. Different colours on different surfaces processed by different laser parameters were observed. The wettability assessment shows that CP Ti can transition from hydrophilic-hydrophobic and vice versa depending on the environmental conditions. This study shows that laser structuring can be utilized to modify CP Ti surfaces to obtain desirable surface properties that can find potential applications in different fields.
Materials Research Express. 2024, vol. 14, issue 8, p. 1-21.
Document type
Document version
Published version
Date of access to the full text
Language of document
Study field
Date of acceptance
Result of defence
Document licence
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Citace PRO