ÚMVI-odbor keramiky a polymerů


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 13
  • Item
    Dilatometric and microstructural study of particle and functionally graded composites based on hydroxyapatite and crystalline bioglass
    (2023-10-23) Drdlík, Daniel; Drdlíková, Katarina; Maca, Karel
    Hydroxyapatite (HA) and bioglass (BG) ceramics have become of prime importance in bone tissue engineering. Besides the appropriate composition, the microstructure of bone replacement plays a crucial role. In the present work, particle composites and functionally graded material (FGM) based on HA and BG prepared by electrophoretic deposition were thoroughly characterised in terms of the preparation method, sintering process, phase composition and microstructure. The sintering was monitored by high-temperature dilatometry in two directions, the sintering rates were calculated, and the overall sintering process was discussed. The SEM showed the continuous change in the microstructure of FGM with gradual interconnected porosity favourable for bio-applications. The fundamental fractographic analysis proved the crack development in FGM related to the sintering process, and the recommendations for the reduction of the crack development were given. The phase transformations during thermal treatment were analysed using X-ray diffraction analysis and deeply discussed.
  • Item
    Doping of alumina ceramics by manganese – Thermodynamical and experimental approach
    (Faculty of Technology, University of Novi Sad, 2022-03-27) Svoboda, Jiří; Drdlíková, Katarina; Drdlík, Daniel; Kroupa, Aleš; Michalička, Jan; Maca, Karel
    The preparation of a transparent ultra-fine-grained doped ceramics requires a homogeneous dopant distribution in a matrix. In the present work, two thermodynamical phenomena allowing the preparation of such ceramics (the dissolution of the dopant and the formation of undesirable secondary phases) were experimentally and theoretically studied. A general thermodynamic-kinetic model was developed for dopant dissolution, which was verified for the experimental conditions used in this work. The model and experiment showed that Mn3O4 dopant with overall concentration of 1 at.% and particle size of 50 nm is dissolved and homogenized in a fine-grained alumina matrix within less than one hour at a temperature of 1220 °C. For the purposes of the study of the formation of undesired secondary phase, the phase diagram of the Al2O3-Mn3O4 system was calculated using the CALPHAD approach. Detailed STEM observations combined with EDX and EELS chemical analyses showed that the data used for the calculation of the phase diagram need some modifications because they overestimate the solubility of Mn in the alumina and underestimate the solubility of Mn in the MnAl2O4 spinel.
  • Item
    Macroporous bioceramic scaffolds based on tricalcium phosphates reinforced with silica: microstructural, mechanical, and biological evaluation
    (Informa, 2022-03-27) Novotná, Lenka; Chlup, Zdeněk; Jaroš, Josef; Částková, Klára; Drdlík, Daniel; Pospíšil, Jakub; Hampl, Aleš; Koutná, Irena; Cihlář, Jaroslav
    The positive effect of silica on microstructural, mechanical and biological properties of calcium phosphate scaffolds was investigated in this study. Scaffolds containing 3D interconnected spherical macropores with diameters in the range of 300-770 mu m were prepared by the polymer replica technique. Reinforcement was achieved by incorporating 5 to 20 wt % of colloidal silica into the initial hydroxyapatite (HA) powder. The HA was fully decomposed into alpha and beta-tricalcium phosphate, and silica was transformed into cristobalite at 1200 degrees C. Silica reinforced scaffolds exhibited compressive strength in the range of 0.3 to 30 MPa at the total porosity of 98-40%. At a nominal porosity of 75%, the compressive strength was doubled compared to scaffolds without silica. When immersed into a cultivation medium, the formation of an apatite layer on the surfaces of scaffolds indicated their bioactivity. The supportive effect of the silicon enriched scaffolds was examined using three different types of cells (human adipose-derived stromal cells, L929, and ARPE-19 cells). The cells firmly adhered to the surfaces of composite scaffolds with no sign of induced cell death. Scaffolds were non-cytotoxic and had good biocompatibility in vitro. They are promising candidates for therapeutic applications in regenerative medicine.
  • Item
    Comprehensive characterization of PVDF nanofibers at macro- and nanolevel
    (MDPI, 2022-02-01) Pisarenko, Tatiana; Papež, Nikola; Sobola, Dinara; Ţălu, Ştefan; Částková, Klára; Škarvada, Pavel; Macků, Robert; Ščasnovič, Erik; Kaštyl, Jaroslav
    This study is focused on the characterization and investigation of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) nanofibers from the point of view of macro- and nanometer level. The fibers were produced using electrostatic spinning process in air. Two types of fibers were produced since the collector speed (300 rpm and 2000 rpm) differed as the only one processing parameter. Differences in fiber’s properties were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with cross-sections observation utilizing focused ion beam (FIB). The phase composition was determined by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy. The crystallinity was determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and chemical analysis of fiber’s surfaces and bonding states were studied using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Other methods, such as atomic force microscopy (AFM) and piezoelectric force microscopy (PFM), were employed to describe morphology and piezoelectric response of single fiber, respectively. Moreover, the wetting behavior (hydrophobicity or hydrophilicity) was also studied. It was found that collector speed significantly affects fibers alignment and wettability (directionally ordered fibers produced at 2000 rpm almost super-hydrophobic in comparison with disordered fibers spun at 300 rpm with hydrophilic behavior) as properties at macrolevel. However, it was confirmed that these differences at the macrolevel are closely connected and originate from nanolevel attributes. The study of single individual fibers revealed some protrusions on the fiber’s surface, and fibers spun at 300 rpm had a core-shell design, while fibers spun at 2000 rpm were hollow.
  • Item
    Luminescent Eu3+-doped transparent alumina ceramics with high hardness
    (Elsevier, 2017-05-17) Drdlíková, Katarina; Klement, Róbert; Hadraba, Hynek; Drdlík, Daniel; Galusek, Dušan; Maca, Karel
    The Eu3+-doped transparent aluminas were prepared by wet shaping technique followed by pressureless sintering and hot isostatic pressing. The effect of dopant amount on microstructure, real in-line transmission (RIT), photoluminescence (PL) properties, hardness and fracture behaviour was studied. The RIT decreased with increasing amount of the dopant. The PL emission spectra of Al2O3:Eu3+ ceramics exhibited predominant red light emission with the highest intensity (under 394 nm excitation) for material containing 0.125 at.% of Eu3+ and colour coordinates (0.645, 0.355) comparable with commercial red phosphors. The doping resulted in hardness increase from 26.1 GPa for undoped alumina to 27.6 GPa for Eu-doped sample. The study of fracture surfaces showed predominantly intergranular crack propagation micro-mechanism.