Factors Behind the Growth of Informal Settlements in Kabul

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Vysoké učení technické v Brně,Fakulta architektury
The rapid growth of urbanization has been acknowledged by many researchers and it has been turned into a challenge for most countries specially developing countries like Afghanistan. Although the theme of urbanization is new in Afghanistan, but lately this sector is attracted to national and international entities in Afghanistan. This is considered to be one of the biggest obstacles that hinder achieving a sustainable future development, and also prevents the implementation of the city’s future master plan. At the same time this is an obvious fact that social conflicts disturb social life and physical form of cities and its examples are seen throughout the world. As a result many of social, physical and economic problems are found, of which the creation of informal settlements is the prime example. Informality of urban fabric is common subject in all developing countries. It is argued broadly throughout academic and research articles show that informal settlements created by the poor or established due to inappropriate planning system and policies. The fast pace of informal urban areas are now home for large number of people throughout the world in developing countries. In the case of Kabul, the capital city of Afghanistan, informal settlements makes up to 80 % of the total city population. The study is focused on to find the factors behind the growth of informal settlements in Kabul. The purpose is to provide the notion and understanding on how these settlements are created and their existing conditions. The paper is not suggesting a model of change for the informal settlements.
6th Annual Conference on Architecture and Urbanism. 2016, s. 81-86. ISBN 978-80-214-5418-7.
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