Číslo 15, ročník VII


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 10
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    Důsledky mobility zaměstnanců
    (Vysoké učení technické v Brně, Fakulta podnikatelská, 2013-09) Vnoučková, Lucie; Čejka, Robin
    Purpose of the article: The level of unemployment and employee mobility can be considered as one of the persisting economical problems. Current knowledge economy is based on the quality and productivity of labour (employees). Employees and their productivity are thus key factor of success of economy. This study examines causes and consequences of employee mobility and how does it affect economy of state and organisations. Paper describes based on the content analysis and primary research employee mobility and suggests practices how to minimize its negative impact. Methodology/methods: The outputs are listed based upon primary and secondary research. Secondary data sources were processed from Czech statistical office and content analysis of scientific papers which focus on remuneration of employee mobility costs. Primary data has been collected in two successive quantitative surveys by means of questionnaire investigation. The surveys were focus on random sample of employees (who had already left their jobs). Scientific aim: The aim of the paper is to reveal costs and consequences of employee mobility and to suggest recommendations to keep employees in organisations in order to minimize loses, costs and production losings. Findings: The results show calculation of employee mobility costs. Costs per unemployed employee are listed. The outputs reflect whether it is just loss of production (employee just exchange job positions) or additional loss of state caused by receiving unemployment support, lowering of VAT and other related items. The revealed outputs allow us to assume that employee mobility is quite expensive phenomenon, not just because of employee turnover cost, but also because of high loss of production in organisations and also in state economy. All results are counted per employee per year. Finally, recommendations to lower employee mobility and its costs and losses are listed. Suggestions are based on the results of surveys of employees, who listed their reasons to leave job positions. Conclusions: The outcomes provide a specification and consequences of employees’ mobility. Further monitoring of causes and consequences of employee mobility together with greater emphasis into all related practices is necessary to obtain results for future prognosis.
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    Přístupy českých podnikatelů k inovacím v malých a středních podnicích
    (Vysoké učení technické v Brně, Fakulta podnikatelská, 2013-09) Koudelková, Petra
    Purpose of the article: Innovation is very important aspect affecting enterprises, above all small and medium enterprises. The purpose of this article is to present results of the research of innovation and innovation thinking in enterprises in the Czech Republic. Methodology/methods: There is used a method, based on the analysis of secondary data, gotten from the economic journals and economic books and articles. It includes theoretical information about innovation in enterprises and innovation in the Czech republic. In the next step was realized primary research. There are addressed 20 companies acting in the Czech republic to make an interview, 13 of them took part in the research. In the article was used qualitative methodology and also empirical statistic method. Results are analyzed and presented using graphical methods. Scientific aim: The main scientific aim of this article is to present results of research execuded in the end of year 2012 in the Czech Republic and also offer a theoretical and practical overview of innovation in enterprises on the czech market. Findings: The analysis show thinking and behaviour of czech businessman about innovation. In the next stop is showed measure of education in innovation theory and at last not at least relationship betweeen education and successfull innovation. Conclussion: The innovation in the enterprises is a trend in the recent years. The management of innovation or applying the innovation into the enterprises has a great importance and contributes to gain the competitive advantages. For successfull implematation of innovation to the business is important employees education.
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    Struktura rizikových přirážek vlastníků dle citlivosti odvětví na hospodářský cyklus
    (Vysoké učení technické v Brně, Fakulta podnikatelská, 2013-09) Konečný, Zdeněk
    Purpose of the article: All national economies go through their economic cycle and partial sectors of these economies go through their market life cycle, too. But the course of the market life cycle doesn’t have to ever be the same as in the case of the economic cycle. So, there exist sectors with different sensitivities to economic cycle. The sector sensitivity can considerably influence many financial quantities, especially quantities describing the entrepreneurial risk, which can be expressed in form of cost of capital. The main aim of this article is to find out the structure of cost of equity, which is required in sectors with different sensitivity to the economic cycle. Methodology/methods: There are used and analyzed secondary data for periods from I. 2007 to II. 2011, gotten from materials published by the Czech Statistical Office and the Czech Ministry of Industry and Trade. The sector sensitivity is measured according to the correlation between gross domestic product (GDP), used for considering the economic cycle, and amount of sales reached on the sector, used for identifying the market life cycle. The structure of owner’s risk rewards is calculated with the use of the constructional model by the Czech Ministry of Industry and Trade. Scientific aim: There is selected one cyclical, one neutral and one anti-cyclical, ever with the extreme value of the coefficient of correlation. By each of these three sectors there is calculated the structure of cost of equity to know shares of partial owner’s risk rewards. Findings: Highest values of all risk rewards are reached in the anti-cyclical sector. On the contrary there is reached the lowest value of risk reward to the size of the company (rLA) in the cyclical sector and of the risk reward to entrepreneurial risk (rPOD) in the neutral sector. The risk reward to financial stability (rFINSTAB) and to financial structure (rFINSTRU) were required in both sectors approximately on the same level. Conclusions: From the findings there can be derived, that investments in companies acting in anti-cyclical sectors is the most risky. But there are some limits, that follow from used methods. There were used data, that are valid only for czech sectors and only for selected periods. And furthermore, there isn’t considered the life cycle of companies, acting in selected sectors, and their market position, derived from corporate- and market life cycle.
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    Odvětví informačních a komunikačních technologií v období ekonomické recese: vliv vývoje HDP na zisk a zadluženost firem z oblasti ICT v České republice
    (Vysoké učení technické v Brně, Fakulta podnikatelská, 2013-09) Varyšová, Tereza
    The purpose of the article: The purpose of this article is to review how ICT industry is affected by economic recession in recent times all over the world and especially in the Czech Republic. Information and communication technology is considered to be one of the fastest growing industries, and its financial situation is nowadays very important for the economic recovery. Methodology/methods: The Methodology used in the paper consists of deductive quantitative methods for research and data analysis using graphs. Statistical method (sample correlation coefficient) is used for detection of the influence. Scientific aim: The aim of the article is to find out how recent economic situation affects financial position in companies from Czech ICT industry. This paper evaluates whether the level and development of the gross domestic product have influence on the trend of financial ratios in Czech ICT companies, such as profit and indeptness. Findings: The research show that there is only a slight bond between the economic level in the Czech Republic represented by gross domestic product and the height of financial ratios in Czech ICT companies. On the other hand, performed research demonstrates strong relation between the movement of examined financial ratios in time and trend of the gross domestic product in the Czech Republic. Conclusions: Results from the paper are rather alarming in these difficult times. The conducted research suggests that information and communication technologies, as the key industry for future economic recovery, are affected by recent economic recession. In relation to the unfavourable economic situation, profit of Czech ICT companies is continuously falling down while indeptness rising up.
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    Empirický výzkum vazeb mezi malými a středními podniky a ekonomickým růstem Srí Lanky
    (Vysoké učení technické v Brně, Fakulta podnikatelská, 2013-09) Vijayakumar, Sinnathurai
    Purpose of the article: SMEs play important role in both developed and newly industrialized countries in terms of boosting economic growth and alleviating poverty. Despite there are vast numbers of SMEs in Sri Lanka, people do not enjoy stable economic growth and good living standard so far. Therefore, the prime intension of this study is to find out the association between economic growth and SMEs in Sri Lanka and also nexus among the economic growth, poverty and SMEs. Methodology/methods: This study analyzes the impact of small and medium enterprises in the economic growth and poverty in addition to role of SMEs in consonance with employment generation and value added in Sri Lanka. The secondary data have been employed for the analysis. The simple multiple regression model was employed to analyze the data. Heteroskedasticity and serial correlation problems were detected with the help of statistical soft ware (E-views). Scientific aim: The aim of study is to scrutinize the association between economic growth and SMEs and the relationship among the economic growth, poverty and SMEs. It strived to bring about the general behavior of SMEs in Sri Lanka. Findings: The finding clearly shows that there is positive relationship between economic growth and SMEs but, impact of SMEs on economic growth is not significant in Sri Lanka. Even though the co-efficient of SMEs is 0.02 indicating that there is positive relationship between economic growth and SMEs, the impact of SMEs on economic growth is statistically insignificant. Another finding is that there is vast number of industrial establishments of SMEs in total establishments which do not significantly contribute to the employment generation and value added in Sri Lanka. Conclusions: Notwithstanding several literatures related to SMEs have articulated the fact that SMEs can play important role in boosting economic growth, employment generation, accumulation of capital and poverty reduction, this experience is not consistent with Sri Lanka. The output of this study clearly proves the conclusion that SMEs don’t play significant impact on economic growth of Sri Lanka while poverty has significant effects on economic growth. Furthermore, public private participation (PPP) is sine qua none to the effective promotion of SMEs which leads to economic growth and poverty reduction. Visionary government can launch effective PPP which is remedy for the successful promotion of SMEs and thereby boosting economic growth.