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Recent Submissions

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    Explanation of the mechanisms of unsteady gas flow through the turbocharger seal system, including thermal and structural interactions
    (Elsevier, 2023-07-15) Novotný, Pavel; Kudláček, Petr; Vacula, Jiří
    Gas flow in the seal system can be expected during the operation of a turbocharger and is associated with negative effects on the quality of the lubricant or turbocharger efficiency. Gas flow also affects particulate matter production due to lubricant entrainment in the compressor or turbine. The prediction of gas flow rates depends on many design parameters and the operating conditions of the turbocharger, but sufficiently accurate descriptions of the gas flow mechanisms and their quantification depending on the operating conditions have not yet been presented. The proposed computational approach simultaneously solves the gas dynamics in the seal system, the heat transfer in the turbocharger rotor-bearing system and the dynamics of the seal rings and rotor, including the bearings. The computational model for the turbocharger of a heavy-duty vehicle engine is experimentally validated. Two mechanisms have major influences on gas mass flow: the gas flow through the thin gap between the moving ring and groove and the flow through the ring gap. The results show that the importance of these mechanisms depends on several geometrical dimensions of the seal system and the operating conditions of the turbocharger, with a strong connection to the rotor dynamics and thermal load of the impellers. Influences involving rotor movement or rotor thermal conditions are crucial, and their non-inclusion limits the ability to correctly predict gas mass flow.
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    Virtual Turbocharger as a Tool for Reality Simulation
    (Springer, 2021-10-14) Novotný, Pavel; Vacula, Jiří; Kudláček, Petr
    The mobility of people and the transport of goods requires powertrains. These powertrains often include internal combustion engines with turbocharging technology. The development of turbochargers requires an increase in their efficiency, for example in the form of reduced mechanical losses. In parallel, however, related processes such as vibration, gas blow-by through the sealing system or lubricant consumption still need to be addressed. The virtual turbocharger is a multiphysical tool for the coupled solution of these processes. This physically wide model is described by a system of differential and algebraic equations, assembled in a multibody system, discretized and solved numerically. The solution results are suitable for calibration by experiments on real turbocharger. A reasonably good agreement with experiments is achieved using the example of a truck engine turbocharger. In terms of the physical description of the processes, the development of computational modelling will continue to proceed simultaneously in two different directions. On the one hand by trying to increase the depth of the physical description, on the other hand by including more physical problems within a single virtual prototype.