Ústav teorie architektury


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    Architektonický obraz jako nositel významu
    (Vysoká škola báňská - Technická univerzita Ostrava, Fakulta stavební, katedra architektury, 2019-10-02) Kinnert, Filip
    Jednou z přidaných hodnot architektonického díla je schopnost být nositelem komplexní informace zakódované ve tvarech a formách. Tato práce se zabývá významem v tom smyslu, jak architektonické dílo ve svém uspořádání odráží záznam tvůrčího procesu, jak artikuluje vztahy uvnitř celku a vztahy se svým okolím. Autor srovnává fenomenologický přístup Christiana Norberga-Schulze a Juhani Pallasmaa s teorií "center" Christophera Alexandera při objasnění "architektonického obrazu". Studie předkládá Alexaderův pojem "celistvost" jako klíčový při vytváření významuplného prostředí. Paradigma celistvého světa se nabízí jako odpověď teorie architektury na krizi prostředí a nabízí metodu, jak vytvářet z prostoru poetické" místo.
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    Between East and West: Karel Chytil as Museologist, Educator, and Art Historian
    (Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, 2020-10-01) Šopák, Pavel
    Adapted version of the text presented at the colloquium organised in Prague on 12 November 2019 by the Institute of Art History of the Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS) on the 85th anniversary of PhDr. Karel Chytil's death. The text deals with the institutional and cultural political aspects of Chytil's career as an art historian, museologist, and lecturer.
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    A Garden Of Hesperids? A Case Study From Morocco: Specific Location And Suitable Environment
    (2023-12-13) Adamec, Emil
    The Garden of the Hesperides may have been located at the westernmost tip of the Mediterranean Sea in North Africa, near the Atlas Mountains, on the edge of the world ocean, in present-day Morocco. Whether or not these sites are more accurately described, model studies have emerged that are of interest for understanding patterns in Moorish and Roman northwestern Morocco and suggest that they ideally explore the relationship between sites, subsistence, access to the sea, and agriculture. They also examine location and distance from the sea and the relationship to maritime trade with the Mediterranean. These models are examples of successful ecosystem ensembles that can be used to determine the distribution of settlements based on environmental resources and cultural factors. In this study, 30 sites are examined. Other locations are also mentioned in connection with the Hesperidek garden. For example, the Sicilian Greek poet Stesichorus in his poem "Song of Geryon" and the Greek geographer Strabo in the third volume of his book Geography mention that the Garden of the Hesperides was located in Tartessus in the south of the Iberian Peninsula. However, in the light of this independent study and other sources, it is possible that some of the 30 sites studied in north- west Morocco may be the mythical Garden of the Hesperides.
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    Undeveloped Areas and Landscape Evolution of the Oppida in Porrey and Bibracte
    (2023-12-18) Adamec, Emil
    The case studies of two French oppida, Porrey and Bibracte, open the way to unanswered questions related to their functions. The field research carried out within the Oppidum as Urban Landscape program represented a multidisciplinary approach to the study of the area and the reopening of two ancient test pits in the sectors of Porrey and Verger, two areas favorable for the construction of settlements but lacking convincing evidence of occupation. Also, the evolution of the landscape around the Bibracte oppida from the Late Iron Age to the post-medieval period was related to the sudden emergence of a network of large fortified towns, known as oppida. The trench excavations at the Bibracte oppidum and the operations in the Porrey and Verger sectors were accompanied by geophysical surveys of the adjacent test pits of the summit mound dating from the mid and third quarter of the 1st century BC. The archaeological excavation of the oppida, dating from the Late Iron Age to the Early Roman period, has focused exclusively on the original areas. The sediment sequences mark human- induced erosion and geomorphological changes in the 4th-1st centuries BC.